I had a great time hanging out with my colleagues Bob and Amie yesterday at the HUB, talking with students, spotting defects and handing out yo-yos. Thanks to all who came out, and to the SWE for putting on a great event.
To follow up on the puzzle I posted yesterday: the terrible flaw, which most people spotted right away, was that the expression
geteuid != 0 was of course intended to be
geteuid() != 0. The code as written compares the function pointer to null, which it never is, and therefore the right side is always true, and therefore the conditional falls into the "fail with an error" branch more often than it ought to. The program succeeds if the user really is root, or if they are "sudo" root. It is intended to succeed also if the user is "effectively" root, but it does not. Thank goodness in this case the program fails to a secure mode! It is not at all difficult to imagine a situation where such an accidental function pointer usage causes the program to fail into the insecure mode. In any event, Coverity's checker catches this one. (And of course more modern languages like C# do not allow you to use methods in a context other than a call or delegate conversion.)
There are of course any number of other flaws in this fragment. First, it's now considered bad form to check for root like this; rather, check to see if the user is granted an appropriate permission. Second, the code is hard to read if you do not know the convention that the root user gets magical id zero by default; the code could be much more self-documenting. And so on; several people made good observations in the comments.
Next time on FAIC: You can build a hollow house out of solid bricks, and you can build a deadlocking program out of threadsafe methods too.